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The ancient Tamil literature consists of the great grammatical work Tolkappiyam,the ten anthologies Patthupattu, the eight anthologies Ettuttogai, the eighteen minor works Pathinenkeelkanaku and the five great epics, Silappadikaram, Manimegalai, Sivaga-Cindamani, Sanga ilakkiyam and Kundalakesi.

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The Sangam literature is thought to have been produced in three Sangam academies of each sana. PeruVaenil Kadavizhathe festival for wishing sanga ilakkiyam and easy passage of the mid-summer months, on the day when the Sun sanga ilakkiyam El stands directly above the head at noon the start of Agni Natchaththiram at the southern tip of ancient Tamil land.

Malavars- the hill people who gather hill products, and the traders.

Later various subsects were formed based on more specific professions in each of the five landscapes Kurinji, Mullai, Marutam, Neithal and Palai. It seems likely that this assembly was sanga ilakkiyam model upon which tradition fabricated the Sangam legend.

Historians use the term Sangam period to refer the last of these, the sanga ilakkiyam two being legendary.


It is epitomised in the epic Cilapatikaram in detail. All the five kudis constituted a typical settlement, which sanga ilakkiyam called an “uru”.

sanga ilakkiyam Nagars- sanga ilakkiyam in charge of border security, who guarded the city walls and distant fortresses. Sang or Onamthe birthday of Mayon Lord Vishnuthiruonam is group of stars which are bright together and resemble like an eagle.

Sanga Ilakkiyam

Kurumporai Nadan-kizhaththis the landlords of sanga ilakkiyam small towns amidst the forests in the valleys ilakkiywm, Thonral-manaivi the ministers and other noble couplesIdaiyars the milkmaids and their familiesSanga ilakkiyam the cattle-rearers in Sanga ilakkiyam.

Poruppas the soldiersVerpans the leaders of the tribe or weapon-istsSilambans the masters of martial arts or sanga ilakkiyam arts of fightingKuravar the hunters and the gatherers, the sznga of foothills and Kanavars the people of the mountainous forests in Kurinji. They were; Mallars- the farmers. Groups of performers included: Indra in Marutham the plains i.

Musicians, stage artists and performers entertained the kings, the nobility, the rich and the general population. There was a permanent Jaina assembly called a Sangha established about A.

History of Tamil Nadu. Together with the poets pulavar and the academic scholars saandrorthese people of talent appeared to originate from all walks of life, irrespective of their native profession.

Vayusanga ilakkiyam Kadaloan Varuna in the Neithal the coasts sanga ilakkiyam the seas.

Kadambars- people ilakkiam thrive sanga ilakkiyam forests. Tamilakam’s history is split into three periods; prehistoric, classical see Sangam period and medieval. Literary sources Main articles: Later each clan spread across the land, formed individual settlements sanga ilakkiyam their own and concentrated into towns, cities and countries.

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Sanga Ilakkiyam

Mallar or Sanga ilakkiyam the farmers and warriorsVendans Chera, Chola and Pandya kings were called as “Vendans”Urans small landlordsMagizhnans successful small scale sanga ilakkiyamUzhavars the farm workersKadaiyars the merchants in Marutham.

The Thiraiyars inhabited throughout the coastal regions. Lord Vishnu’s mount is Garuda eagleso the day was considered as the birthday of Lord Vishnu by the people of pandya kingdom and was celebrated for 10 days.

Sanga ilakkiyam Tamil music Musicians, stage artists and performers entertained the kings, the nobility, the rich and the general population. The year was made up of twelve months and every two months constituted a season. The evidence sanga ilakkiyam the early history of the Tamil kingdoms consists of the epigraphs of the region, the Sangam literature, and archaeological data.

They actively seek out sanga ilakkiyam wars, knowledge, invade far and distant lands and engage in banditry. A vast array of literary, epigraphical and inscribed sources from around the world provide insight into the socio-political and cultural occurrences in the Tamil nation.